Search for dissertations about: "treatment of ascites"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 15 swedish dissertations containing the words treatment of ascites.

  1. 1. Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts in Children : Technical Considerations and Treatment of Certain Complications

    Author : Kai Arnell; Tomas Wester; Jan Sjölin; Per Enblad; Hans C-son Silander; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Surgery; Hydrocephalus; papilloedema; abdominal cyst; cerebrospinal fluid shunt; shunt infection; intraventricular antibiotic instillation; intraventricular antibiotic concentrations; in-vitro testing; antisiphon device; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Ventriculo-peritoneal shunting is the most commonly used method for the treatment of paediatric hydrocephalus. Despite improved shunts and surgical techniques there are still complications. This retrospective study focuses on diagnoses and treatment of shunt malfunction and infections. Cost/benefit of using an adjustable shunt was assessed. READ MORE

  2. 2. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in the treatment of symptomatic portal hypertension

    Author : Kerstin Rosenqvist; Rickard Nyman; Charlotte Ebeling Barbier; Fredrik Rorsman; Lars-Gunnar Eriksson; Lars Lönn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Portal hypertension; TIPS; transjugular; portal venous thrombosis; mesenteric venous thrombosis; liver cirrhosis; interventional radiology; Radiology; Radiologi;

    Abstract : Portal hypertension (PHT) is a condition with serious complications, such as variceal bleeding, refractory ascites and bowel ischemia. The cause of PHT may be pre-, intra- or post-hepatic. Initial treatment is pressure-reducing drugs and the treatment of acute symptoms. READ MORE

  3. 3. Immunological recognition and tumor escape mechanisms of ovarian carcinoma

    Author : Håkan Norell; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : Tumor immunology; Immune escape; Antitumor immunity; Ovarian carcinoma; NK cells; HLA class 1; LOH; IFN-γ; CTL; HLA-G; HLA-E; Activating receptors; NK cell-based therapy;

    Abstract : Ovarian carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer mortality and there is an urgent need for new and better therapeutic modalities that result in improved long-term outcome for this severe malignancy. One promising treatment modality for patients suffering from ovarian carcinoma is immunotherapy. READ MORE

  4. 4. Tumor recognition by cytotoxic T cells : definition of new tumor antigens and the effect of interleukin-10 on antigen presentation

    Author : Flavio Salazar-Onfray; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : The tumor antigens against which T cell responses have been demonstrated most frequently are not tumor specific but are also expressed on normal tissues. This observation has been interpreted as evidence for breaking of immunological tolerance to normal cellular proteins. READ MORE

  5. 5. Molecular signatures of progression and chemoresistance in epithelial ovarian carcinoma

    Author : My Björklund; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : Epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) is a heterogeneous disease generally classified into five histopathological subtypes; low- and high-grade serous, endometrioid, clear cell and mucinous carcinomas. Although each subtype has distinct clinical and molecular characteristics, they are all treated with surgery and platinum/ taxane chemotherapy. READ MORE