Search for dissertations about: "urban poverty"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 57 swedish dissertations containing the words urban poverty.

  1. 1. PRO-POOR PLANNING: A Tool for Strategic Territorial Planning and a Conceptual Framework Drawn from Studies in Colombia and Costa Rica

    University dissertation from Housing Development & Management, LTH, Lund University

    Author : Carlos de la Espriella; [2009]
    Keywords : HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Poverty Reduction; Statistical Information; Social Housing; Urban Governance; Urbanization; Poverty Impact Assessments; Poverty Mapping; Local Authorities; Poverty; Integrated Urban Planning; Inequality; Geographic Information Systems; Decentralization; Costa Rica; Census Microdata; Colombia; Urban Residential Segregation; Urban Planning;

    Abstract : Few planning practices in the South seem to be equipped with key concepts and technical, empirical and administrative capacities required to comprehend and visualize the phenomenon of poverty at inter- and intra-urban levels, which compromises their ability to inform decision-makers on the effects on poverty reduction of the land-based actions they design, implement and monitor. This challenge was addressed from conceptual, technical, empirical, and administrative angles, which correspond to the research objectives. READ MORE

  2. 2. Essays on Poverty, Risk and Consumption Dynamics in Ethiopia

    University dissertation from Göteborg

    Author : Abebe Shimeles; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2006]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Ethiopia; poverty; income distribution; policy simulations; poverty spells; vulnerability; chronic poverty; consumption risk; transitory shocks; liquidity constraints; poverty traps.;

    Abstract : Paper 1. This paper analysed the state of poverty and income distribution in rural and urban Ethiopia during 1994-2000. Poverty declined from 1994 to 1997, and then increased to 2000. READ MORE

  3. 3. Studies on Poverty in Mongolia

    University dissertation from Department of Economics, Lund Universtiy

    Author : Bolor Naranhuu; [2007]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; economic policy; Nationalekonomi; ekonometri; ekonomisk teori; ekonomiska system; ekonomisk politik; Economics of development; Utvecklingsekonomi; economic systems; economic theory; econometrics; Economics; Mongolia; Transaction costs; Trade liberalization; Chronic poverty; Transient poverty; Inequality; Vulnerability; Poverty; Growth;

    Abstract : This thesis considers various aspects of the poverty in Mongolia, including estimations of the actual as well as future-looking poverty, its distributional and growth components, and selected policy impacts on poverty. Chapter two analyzes the inter-relationship between poverty, growth, and inequality in Mongolia, using Living Standard Measurement Survey (LSMS) for 1998 and 2002. READ MORE

  4. 4. Legal Ideals and Normative Realities - A case study of children's rights and child labor activity in Paraguay

    University dissertation from Department of Economics, Lund Universtiy

    Author : Patrik Olsson; [2003]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; deficient infrastructure.; exploitation; social injustice; social inequality; poverty; child soldiers; rural poverty; urban poverty; system conditions; will; values; norms; socio-legal; Paraguay; UNCRC; normative reality; legal ideals; Child labor; children s rights; Sociology of labour; sociology of enterprise; Arbetslivssociologi; företagssociologi; Juvenile law; Rätt rörande minderåriga;

    Abstract : The present study is composed of eight chapters relating to children's rights and child labor activity in the Republic of Paraguay. The problem of child labor in Paraguay is central for this study and the legal ideals that are intended to uphold and strengthen the rights of the child are described and contrasted with the present normative reality in which the children work and live. READ MORE

  5. 5. Urban poverty, social exclusion and social housing finance. The case of PRODEL in Nicaragua

    University dissertation from Lund University, Housing Development & Management

    Author : Alfredo Stein; [2010]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Urban poverty; Microfinance; Social exclusion; Social housing finance; Central America; Asset accumulation; Infrastructure; Financial inclusion; Nicaragua; International donors;

    Abstract : The purpose of the thesis is to further understand key conceptual and operational challenges that international aid donors, and public and private institutions, face while designing and implementing alternative forms of social housing finance which aim to be inclusive for the urban poor. Based on an in-depth study of the work of the Foundation for the Promotion of Local Development (PRODEL) in three cities in Nicaragua during a period of 15 years, the thesis tries to answer three research questions: What are the constraints the urban poor face in financing the incremental way they build their individual housing and collective assets? Why does housing microfinance not always enhance inclusion of the urban poor? How does the tension between the goal of achieving financial sustainability and increasing financial inclusion affect the policy of international donors and governments, and the practice of local financial institutions? To answer these questions, the thesis adopts a realist approach as well as a critical case study method as used in disciplines such as political science and history to explain the trends and complexities of the phenomena investigated, and formulates an argument in the form of a proposition: if financial exclusion occurs in PRODEL it might also occur elsewhere. READ MORE