Search for dissertations about: "ventilator associated pneumonia"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 8 swedish dissertations containing the words ventilator associated pneumonia.

  1. 1. Protective Mechanical Ventilation in Inflammatory and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Models

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Jesper Sperber; Uppsala universitet.; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical ventilation; Systemic inflammation; Pneumonia; Ventilator-associated pneumonia; Endotoxin; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Abstract : Severe infections, trauma or major surgery can each cause a state of systemic inflammation. These causes for systemic inflammation often coexist and complicate each other. Mechanical ventilation is commonly used during major surgical procedures and when respiratory functions are failing in the intensive care setting. READ MORE

  2. 2. Respiratory Tract Infections: Aspects of Aetiology, Virulence, and Communicable Disease Control

    University dissertation from Infectious Diseases Research Unit

    Author : Jonas Ahl; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Streptococcus pneumoniae; day care center; communicable disease control intervention; eradication therapy; invasive pneumococcal disease; serotype 3; aetiology; ventilator-associated pneumonia;

    Abstract : The paediatric nasopharyngeal flora is regarded as the largest reservoir for Streptococcus pneumoniae, and the carrier state is always antecedent to infection and a prerequisite for dispersion of these bacteria. Pneumococci are the predominant aetiology of bacterial respiratory tract infections and a major cause of morbidity and mortality, in the most severe cases due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD; mainly sepsis and meningitis). READ MORE

  3. 3. Hospital-acquired pneumonia in intensive care patients

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology

    Author : Petra Hyllienmark; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The present thesis describes the incidence and risk factors for pneumonia and especially ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. Bacteria in samples from the lower respiratory tract of patients receiving mechanical ventilation are reported, including the duration of treatment prior to the first occurrence of different pathogens. READ MORE

  4. 4. Surgical Management of Rib Fractures Following Trauma

    University dissertation from Göteborgs universitet

    Author : Eva Corina Caragounis; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2019]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanism of Injury; Rib Fracture; Flail chest; Surgery; Mechanical Ventilator; Lung Function; Pain; Quality of Life;

    Abstract : Background: Surgical management of chest wall injuries has received increasing attention in recent years. The aim of this thesis was to study the mechanism of injury (MOI) in relation to chest wall injury patterns and short- and long-term outcome of surgery in patients with multiple rib fractures and unstable thoracic cage injuries. READ MORE

  5. 5. Nitrite Ion : Its role in vasoregulation and host defenses

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology

    Author : Håkan Björne; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2005]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nitrate; nitrite; nitric oxide; gastro protection; ventilator-associated pneumonia; bactericidal; vasodilation;

    Abstract : Nitrite and nitrate are distributed throughout the human body, with especially high levels being present in saliva. Until recently, these anions were considered merely to be inert end-products of the oxidation of endogenous nitric oxide (NO). READ MORE