Search for dissertations about: "vitamin a activity"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 126 swedish dissertations containing the words vitamin a activity.

  1. 1. Vitamin A regulated neuronal regeneration and homeostasis

    Author : Sofia Håglin; Anna Berghard; Staffan Bohm; Leif Carlsson; Ola Hermanson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Activity dependent; Adult stem cells; Ageing; CYP26B1; Homeostasis; Metaplasia; Neurogenesis; Olfactory epithelium; Regeneration; Respiratory epithelium; Retinoic acid; Sensory map; Vitamin A;

    Abstract : The olfactory epithelium is a dynamic tissue maintained by continuous neurogenesis throughout life. Upon injury, neurons and other olfactory cell types are regenerated through proliferation of horizontal stem cells. Some genes that regulate vitamin A metabolism are spatially expressed in the olfactory epithelium. READ MORE

  2. 2. Vitamin A and Osteoporosis : Experimental and Clinical Studies

    Author : Sara Johansson; Håkan Melhus; Andreas Kindmark; Monica Lind; Göran Toss; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Internal medicine; vitamin A; bone; osteoporosis; Invärtesmedicin; Internal medicine; Invärtesmedicin;

    Abstract : Vitamin A in high doses is severely toxic to the rat skeleton, and the active metabolite retinoic acid (RA) can induce bone resorption in vitro. An excessive dietary intake of vitamin A has been associated with reduced bone mineral density and an increased risk of hip fracture. READ MORE

  3. 3. Vitamins, fatty acids, physical activity and peak bone mass

    Author : Magnus Högström; Peter Nordström; Anna Nordström; Jon Karlsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; physical activity; vitamin A; vitamin D; fatty acids; peak bone mass; males; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi;

    Abstract : Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mineral density, deteriorated bone microstructure and increased fracture risk. About 50% of all women and 25% of all men will have an osteoporotic fracture. Given that there is no effective cure in established osteoporosis, prevention is of high importance. READ MORE

  4. 4. Regulation of Vitamin D 25-hydroxylases : Effects of Vitamin D Metabolites and Pharmaceutical Compounds on the Bioactivation of Vitamin D

    Author : Maria Ellfolk; Kjell Wikvall; Maria Norlin; Olavi Pelkonen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; CYP2D25; vitamin D 25-hydroxylase; transcriptional regulation; vitamin D; CYP2R1; CYP2J2; CYP27A1; phenobarbital; efavirenz; fibroblast; LNCaP; Pharmaceutical biochemistry; Farmaceutisk biokemi;

    Abstract : A 700bp portion of the promoter of CYP2D25, the porcine microsomal vitamin D 25-hydroxylase was isolated and sequenced. The computer analysis of the sequence revealed the existence of a putative VDRE at 220 bp upstream of the transcription start site. READ MORE

  5. 5. In vitro accessibility of provitamin A carotenoids in vegetables and fruits - Effects of different process and preparation methods and estimation of vitamin A activity

    Author : Ellen Hedrén; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : in vitro accessibility; provitamin A carotenoids; lactic acid fermentation; food matrix; cell wall degrading enzymes; vegetables; vitamin A activity; beta-carotene; red palm oil; fruits;

    Abstract : Vitamin A deficiency is a major nutritional problem in many developing countries, caused chiefly by a diet with low retinol content. The bioefficacy of provitamin A carotenoids in plant foods is claimed to be insufficient to maintain a satisfactory vitamin A status. READ MORE