Functional and Molecular Characterization of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Associated Breast Cancer
Abstract: This doctoral dissertation is based on five appended papers primarily concerned with three main topics, namely: the functional characterization of specific and clinically relevant perturbations found in BRCA1 ? one of the major breast cancer susceptibility genes; the use of microarray technologies for molecular characterization of hereditary breast tumor samples from a genomic perspective; and finally, the development of software to address some of the logistical problems of data analysis and management that arise when utilizing microarrays. Results obtained from the work presented herein demonstrate the following: that transcription az says can aid in the characterization of C-terminal missense mutations but that it may not be possible to unambiguously characterize variants with a yeast-based assay alone; that a naturally occurring C-terminal germline mutation in BRCA1 encodes a protein with apparent temperature-dependant functional properties; that open-source software can provide comprehensive solutions to meet data management needs of microarray experimenters; that BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated breast tumors exhibit markedly different copy number aberrations when compared to each other as well as to sporadic tumors; and that gene expression profiling in BRCA1 and BRCA2 associated breast tumors reveals specific gene expression patterns.
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