Synthesis of Organic Chromophores for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

Abstract:  This thesis deals with development and synthesis of organic chromophores for dye sensitized solar cells. The chromophores are divided into three components; donor, linker and acceptor.The development of efficient organic chromophores for dye sensitized solar cells starts off with one new organic chromophore, D5. This chromophore consists of a triphenylamine moiety as an electron donor, a conjugated linker with a thiophene moiety and cyanoacrylic acid as an electron acceptor and anchoring group. Alternating the donor, linker or acceptor moieties independently, would give us the tool to tune the HOMO and LUMO energy levels of the chromophores. The following parts of this thesis regard this development strategy.The contributions to the HOMO and LUMO energy levels were investigated when alternating the linker moiety. Unexpected effects of the solar cell performances when increasing the linker length were revealed, however.In addition, the effect of an alternative acceptor group, rhodanine-3-acetic acid, in combination with different linker lengths was investigated. The HOMO and LUMO energy level tuning was once again successful. Electron recombination from the semiconductor to the electrolyte is probably the cause of the poor efficiencies obtained for this series of dyes.Finally, the development of functionalized triphenylamine based donors and the contributions from different substituents to the HOMO and LUMO energy levels and as insulating layers were investigated. This strategy has so far been the most successful in terms of reaching high efficiencies in the solar cell. A top overall efficiency of 7.79 % was achieved.