Inductive Pulse Generation

University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

Abstract: Pulsed power generators are a key component in compact systems for generation of high-power microwaves (HPM). HPM generation by virtual cathode devices such as Vircators put high demands on the source. The rise time and the pulse length of the source voltage are two key issues in the generation of HPM radiation. This thesis describes the construction and tests of several inductive high power pulse generators. The pulse generators were designed with the intent to deliver a pulse with fast rise time and rectangular voltage. Therefore, the pulse generators are all based on discharges of transmission lines. The transmission lines used in the pulse generators are modern high voltage cables normally used in power transmission. All tested pulse generators have step up transformers as intermediate magnetic energy storage. Further, the pulse generators have contributed to the knowledge of compact designs. Closing switches is another important device in pulse generator architectures. In general, high power switching involving large currents and high voltages requires the use of robust switches. The switches used in the pulse generators of this thesis are of gas and liquid type.