Binaural Rendering of Spherical Microphone Array Signals
Abstract: The presentation of extended reality for consumer and professional applications requires major advancements in the capture and reproduction of its auditory component to provide a plausible listening experience. A spatial representation of the acoustic environment needs to be considered to allow for movement within or an interaction with the augmented or virtual reality. This thesis focuses on the application of capturing a real-world acoustic environment by means of a spherical microphone array with the subsequent head-tracked binaural reproduction to a single listener via headphones. The introduction establishes the fundamental concepts and relevant terminology for non-experts of the field. Furthermore, the specific challenges of the method due to spatial oversampling the sound field as well as physical limitations and imperfections of the microphone array are presented to the reader. The first objective of this thesis was to develop a software in the Python programming language, which is capable of performing all required computations for the acoustic rendering of the captured signals in real-time. The implemented processing pipeline was made publicly available under an open-source license. Secondly, specific parameters of the microphone array hardware as well as the rendering software that are required for a perceptually high reproduction quality have been identified and investigated by means of multiple user studies. Lastly, the results provide insights into how unwanted additive noise components in the captured microphone signals from different spherical array configurations contribute to the reproduced ear signals.
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