A Non-Gaussian Limit Process with Long-Range Dependence

University dissertation from Uppsala : Matematiska institutionen

Abstract: This thesis, consisting of three papers and a summary, studies topics in the theory of stochastic processes related to long-range dependence. Much recent interest in such probabilistic models has its origin in measurements of Internet traffic data, where typical characteristics of long memory have been observed. As a macroscopic feature, long-range dependence can be mathematically studied using certain scaling limit theorems. Using such limit results, two different scaling regimes for Internet traffic models have been identified earlier. In one of these regimes traffic at large scales can be approximated by long-range dependent Gaussian or stable processes, while in the other regime the rescaled traffic fluctuates according to stable ``memoryless'' processes with independent increments. In Paper I a similar limit result is proved for a third scaling scheme, emerging as an intermediate case of the other two. The limit process here turns out to be a non-Gaussian and non-stable process with long-range dependence.In Paper II we derive a representation for the latter limit process as a stochastic integral of a deterministic function with respect to a certain compensated Poisson random measure. This representation enables us to study some further properties of the process. In particular, we prove that the process at small scales behaves like a Gaussian process with long-range dependence, while at large scales it is close to a stable process with independent increments. Hence, the process can be regarded as a link between these two processes of completely different nature.In Paper III we construct a class of processes locally behaving as Gaussian and globally as stable processes and including the limit process obtained in Paper I. These processes can be chosen to be long-range dependent and are potentially suitable as models in applications with distinct local and global behaviour. They are defined using stochastic integrals with respect to the same compensated Poisson random measure as used in Paper II.