Empirical combustion modeling in SI engines

University dissertation from Stockholm : Maskinkonstruktion

Abstract: This licentiate thesis concerns the modeling of spark ignition engine combustion for use in one dimensional simulation tools. Modeling of knock is of particular interest when modeling turbocharged engines since knock usually limits the possible engine output at high load. The knocking sound is an acoustic phenomenon with pressure oscillations triggered by autoignition of the unburned charge ahead of the propagating flame front and it is potentially damaging to the engine. To be able to predict knock it is essential to predict the temperature and pressure in the unburned charge ahead of the flame front. Hence, an adequate combustion model is needed.The combustion model presented here is based on established correlations of laminar burning velocity which are used to predict changes in combustion duration relative to a base operating condition. Turbulence influence is captured in empirical correlations to the engine operating parameters spark advance and engine speed. This approach makes the combustion model predictive in terms of changes in gas properties such as mixture strength, residual gas content, pressure and temperature. However, a base operating condition and calibration of the turbulence correlations is still needed when using this combustion model.The empirical models presented in this thesis are based on extensive measurements on a turbocharged four cylinder passenger car engine. The knock model is simply a calibration of the Arrhenius type equation for ignition delay in the widely used Livengood-Wu knock integral to the particular fuel and engine used in this work.

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