Numerical Modelling of Some Engineering Heat Transfer Problems

University dissertation from Division of Heat Transfer, Lund Institute of Technology

Abstract: Engineering heat transfer problems are very often of a complex nature and most often no analytical solutions exist. One way to create solutions to such problems is to apply numerical methods. This study concerns heat transfer problems with coupled conduction, convection and thermal radiation. Five important but different engineering problems are considered: 1) The transient temperature distribution in a rotating cylinder which is exposed to a time varying incident heat flux, e. g. a nuclear burst, is determined. The cylinder is cooled by mixed convection and thermal radiation. The effects of the leading parameters, such as rotation speed, the cooling parameters and the physical properties of the shell are studied. 2) The cooling of a roll system which is transporting/casting a thin hot plastic film. The leading roll is heated by the hot film, cooled at the interior by forced convection and on the outside by forced convection, thermal radiation and contact with a support roll. The influence of the cooling parameters and the rotation are studied. 3) The heat and mass diffusion in pre-insulated district heating/cooling pipes. The task is to determine the effects of the gas mass transport through the casing of the pipes on the thermal behaviour and the effects of condensed water due to the mass diffusion of water vapour. The importance of the density of the casing, the wall thickness of the casing, the thickness of the insulation and the surrounding temperature is revealed. 4) The development of a cooling system for an electrical unit in which a time dependent heat is generated due to the Joule effect. 5) The heat transfer from a rectangular fin in a confined space. The fin is cooled by turbulent forced convection. The turbulence model applied is a low Reynolds k-e-model. Predicted results are compared with experimental ones, and a correlation for the Nusselt number is proposed. The effects of thermal radiation for non-participating as well as participating media are considered.

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