Left ventricular hypertrophy and the insulin resistance syndrome
Abstract: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the insulin resistance syndrome are common conditions associated with a markedly increased cardiovascular risk. In a fairly large prospective longitudinal study of men from the general population, we found that an unfavorable serum fatty acid profile and components of the insulin resistance syndrome such as dyslipidemia, obesity and hypertension at age 50 predicted the prevalence of LVH at age 70. In cross-sectional analyses at age 70, several components of the insulin resistance syndrome were significantly related to left ventricular relative wall thickness and concentric remodeling, but less to LVH. Left ventricular relative wall thickness was inversely related to insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle and borderline significantly directly related to insulin sensitivity in the myocardium in a healthy, normotensive sample of the cohort investigated with positron emission tomography, whereas left ventricular mass index was not related to myocardial or skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity. At age 70, echocardiographic LVH was related to a variety of common electrocardiographic diagnoses. In a prospective mortality analysis with baseline at age 70 and a median follow-up time of five years, echocardiographic and electrocardiographic LVH predicted mortality independently of each other and of other cardiovascular risk factors, implying that echocardiographic and electrocardiographic LVH in part carry different prognostic information.In summary, components of the insulin resistance syndrome predicted LVH twenty years later, but were cross-sectionally more related to increased left ventricular relative wall thickness and concentric remodeling. Echocardiographic and electrocardiographic LVH predicted mortality independently of each other and of components of the insulin resistance syndrome.
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