Search for dissertations about: "Erika Comasco"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 7 swedish dissertations containing the words Erika Comasco.

  1. 1. Alcohol Consumption among Adolescents : Psychosocial and Genetic influences

    Author : Erika Comasco; Kent W. Nilsson; Lars Oreland; Rainer Spanagel; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : adolescents; alcohol; biomarkers; depression; drinking motives; FAEE; gene environment interaction; interview; OPRM1; PER2; PEth; questionnaire; sleep; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Abstract : The present thesis is based on four studies focusing on alcohol consumption among Swedish adolescents, and therewith related psychosocial and genetic factors. One main objective was to study the reasons for drinking alcohol among different population - representative samples of adolescents in order to identify motives for drinking. READ MORE

  2. 2. Predictors of Alcohol Misuse : Role of MAOA Genotype, Methylation, Transcription, and Negative and Positive Environmental factors

    Author : Megha Bendre; Kent Nilsson; Erika Comasco; Ingrid Nylander; Mia Ericson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Alcohol; AUD; MAOA; methylation; expression; early-life stress; maltreatment; parent–child relationship; gene–environment interactions.; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Abstract : Alcohol misuse is a risk factor for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Gene-environment interactions contribute to the risk or resilience for AUD. A functional polymorphism in the promoter of the monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA-uVNTR), in interaction with negative environment (Eneg), is associated with alcohol misuse and AUD. READ MORE

  3. 3. Personality and the HPA-axis in Association with Postpartum Depression

    Author : Stavros I Iliadis; Alkistis Skalkidou; Inger Sundström Poromaa; Erika Comasco; Sara Sylvén; Lil Träskman Bendz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Corticotropin-releasing hormone; cortisol; HPA-axis; HSD11B1; hydroxysteroid 11-beta dehydrogenase 1; neuroticism; peripartum depression; personality; postpartum depression; rs12565406; stress; Obstetrik och gynekologi; Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Psychiatry; Psykiatri;

    Abstract : Postpartum depression is a psychiatric disorder affecting a substantial proportion of newly delivered women, and remains a significant cause of childbirth-related morbidity. The aim of the present thesis was to examine psychological, endocrine and genetic aspects of postpartum depression in a large, population-based sample of women in Uppsala, Sweden. READ MORE

  4. 4. Alcohol Consumption: A Study of Genetic and Environmental Correlates with Focus on the Stress System

    Author : Aniruddha Todkar; Erika Comasco; Anja Huizink; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Alcohol; ELS; maternal separation; gene-environment; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Abstract : Early life stress (ELS) is associated with risk of excessive alcohol drinking. However, the genetic mechanisms underlying the susceptibility to excessive alcohol drinking are not well understood. DNA methylation may mediate the influence of ELS on gene function and thereby contribute to alcohol misuse. READ MORE

  5. 5. Problematic Gaming and Gambling among Adolescents

    Author : Sofia Vadlin; Kent W Nilsson; Cecilia Åslund; Erika Comasco; Clara Hellner Gumpert; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescent; anxiety; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; depression; gambling; gaming; psychometrics; Child and Youth Psychiatry; Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri;

    Abstract : The overall aims of this thesis were to develop and evaluate a screening instrument designed to detect gaming addiction symptoms in adolescents, to study associations between problematic gaming and psychiatric symptoms, to investigate the stability of problematic gaming, and to examine possible associations between gaming at baseline (W1) with problem gambling three years later (W2).The study population consisted of adolescents from the Survey of Adolescent Life in Västmanland SALVe Cohort (adolescents in Västmanland born in 1997 and 1999, and their parents), in two waves (2012, n = 1887; 2015, n = 1576), and adolescents from child and adolescent psychiatric clinics in Västmanland (2014, n = 242). READ MORE