Fabrication and Characterization of Superconductive Coplanar Waveguide Resonators Fabrication and Characterization of Superconductive Coplanar Waveguide Resonators

University dissertation from Stockholm : Universitetsservice US AB

Abstract: The objective of this thesis is to evaluate a generic process for fabrication and characterization of the Superconductive coplanar waveguide (CPW) resonators. Superconductive CPW resonators with various lengths and shapes are designed to investigate their electrical and magnetic properties as well as resonance properties and sensitivities. In the first part of thesis, two different models are introduced in order to estimate the nonlinear kinetic inductance of a superconducting CPW resonator. The first model is based on Bean critical-state model and the second one is based on current dependence of London penetration depth. The existence of a shift in resonant frequency  of Superconductive CPW resonator caused by a non-linear kinetic inductance is also shown experimentally. Simulations were carried out to estimate the nonlinear kinetic inductance due to the self- induced magnetic field penetration.The rest of the thesis is concerned with development of very smooth Aluminum (Al) thin films with RMS (Root Mean Square) roughness 1~nm and CAD (Computer Aid Design) of superconductive CPW resonators. Experimental investigation of a generic fabrication technique for superconductive CPW resonator is carried out. Many resonators are fabricated with different design parameters, such as centerline or gap width, film thickness and gap capacitors length. The fabrication process is described in detail. Electron Beam Lithography is used to fabricate Nb and Al CPW resonators which are coupled to outer conductors via gap capacitors. We have fabricated GHz frequency CPW resonators with quality factors, Q up 5X10^5.