Search for dissertations about: "Medicin och hälsovetenskap Medicinska grundvetenskaper Neurovetenskaper"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 336 swedish dissertations containing the words Medicin och hälsovetenskap Medicinska grundvetenskaper Neurovetenskaper.

  1. 1. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Studies in Anxiety Disorders

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Åsa Michelgård Palmquist; Uppsala universitet.; Uppsala universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Positron emission tomography; PET; amygdala; fear; anxiety; anxiety disorders; specific phobia; social phobia; posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD; regional cerebral blood flow; rCBF; substance P; SP; neurokinin 1 receptor; NK1; GR205171; STAI-S; MEDICINE Psychiatry; MEDICIN Psykiatri; MEDICINE Morphology; cell biology; pathology Cell biology Neurobiology; MEDICIN Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi Cellbiologi Neurobiologi; MEDICINE Morphology; cell biology; pathology Cell biology Neuroscience; MEDICIN Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi Cellbiologi Neurovetenskap; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Physiology Experimental brain research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Fysiologi Experimentell hjärnforskning; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Physiology Molecular neurobiology; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Fysiologi Molekylär neurobiologi; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research Radiation biology; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning Strålningsbiologi; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Physiology Neurobiology; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Fysiologi Neurobiologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Cell and molecular biology Neurobiology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Cell- och molekylärbiologi Neurobiologi;

    Abstract : Anxiety disorders are very common and the primary feature is abnormal or inappropriate anxiety. Fear and anxiety is often mediated by the amygdala, a brain structure rich in substance P (SP) and neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptors. READ MORE

  2. 2. Aspects of inflammation, angiogenesis and coagulation in preeclampsia

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Roland Boij; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Preeclampsia is a major challenge to obstetricians, due to its impact on maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and the lack of preventive and treatment strategies. The overall aim of this thesis is to increase the knowledge of the pathogenesis of preeclampsia including the role of inflammation, angiogenesis and coagulation, both locally at the fetomaternal interface and in the maternal circulation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Characterization of the Pancreas in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Marcus Lundberg; Uppsala universitet.; [2018]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 1 diabetes; Type 2 diabetes; HbA1c; interferon-stimulated genes; parasympathetic; axon; cellular stress; islets; exocrine; immunology; leucocytes; inflammation; human; pancreas; Endocrinology and Diabetology; Endokrinologi och Diabetologi; Immunologi; Immunology; Patologi; Pathology;

    Abstract : Diabetes is recognized by hyperglycaemia and polyuria. Complications, reduced quality of life and staggering health-care costs are all derived from the disease. Two subclasses of diabetes are Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). READ MORE

  4. 4. Molecular Mechanisms of Reward and Aversion

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Anna Klawonn; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2017]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Motivation; Dopamine; Reward; Aversion; Negative affect; Systemic Inflammation; Drug Addiction; Cytokines; Prostaglandin E2; Melanocortin receptor 4; Acetylcholine; Muscarinic M4 receptor;

    Abstract : Various molecular pathways in the brain shape our understanding of good and bad, as well as our motivation to seek and avoid such stimuli. This work evolves around how systemic inflammation causes aversion; and why general unpleasant states such as sickness, stress, pain and nausea are encoded by our brain as undesirable; and contrary to these questions, how drugs of abuse can subjugate the motivational neurocircuitry of the brain. READ MORE

  5. 5. Neuropeptide Receptors as Treatment Targets in Alcohol Use Disorders

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Abdul Maruf Asif Aziz; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2017]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a complex disorder with multiple pathophysiological processes contributing to the initiation, progression and development of the disease state. AUD is a chronic relapsing disease with escalation of alcohol-intake over time in repeated cycles of tolerance, abstinence and relapse and hence, it is very difficult to treat. READ MORE