Search for dissertations about: "Theoretical chemistry"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 471 swedish dissertations containing the words Theoretical chemistry.

  1. 1. Computational Studies of Chemical Interactions: Molecules, Surfaces and Copper Corrosion

    Author : Joakim Halldin Stenlid; Tore Brinck; Thomas Bligaard; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; computational chemistry; density functional theory; chemical interactions; reactivity descriptors; copper corrosion; surface and materials science; nucleophilic substitution reactions; heterogeneous catalysis; transition metal oxides; nanotechnology; beräkningskemi; täthetsfunktionalteori; kemiska interaktioner; reaktivitetsdeskriptorer; kopparkorrosion; yt- och materialvetenskap; nukleofila substitutionsreaktioner; heterogen katalys; överångsmetalloxider; nanoteknologi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. READ MORE

  2. 2. Biomimetic Iron Complexes involved in Oxygenation and Chlorination : A Theoretical Study

    Author : Holger Noack; Margareta R. A. Blomberg; Per E. M. Siegbahn; Martin Kaupp; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biomimetic; iron; density functional theory; intradiol; chlorination; adpic acid; diamond core; reactivity; Bio-inorganic chemistry; Bio-oorganisk kemi; Theoretical chemistry; Teoretisk kemi; Chemical Physics; kemisk fysik;

    Abstract : Biomimetic chemistry is directed towards the simulation of enzymatic reactivity with synthetic analogues. In this thesis a quantum chemical method has been employed to study the mechanism of highly reactive iron-oxo complexes involved in oxygenation and chlorination of organic substrates. READ MORE

  3. 3. Theoretical Studies of Natural Gas Hydrates and H-bonded Clusters and Crystals

    Author : Yuan Liu; Lars Ojamäe; Per-Olov Käll; Ben Slater; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : In this thesis H-bonded systems (natural gas hydrates, water clusters, and crystal ice) are studied by density functional theory (DFT) computations.Natural gas hydrates (NGHs) play an important role in energy and environmental fields: NGHs are considered as a promising backup energy resource in the near-future due to their tremendous carbon content; improper exploration of NGHs could induce geological disasters and aggravate the greenhouse effect. READ MORE

  4. 4. 5-Aminolevulinic acid and derivatives thereof : properties, lipid permeability and enzymatic reactions

    Author : Edvin Erdtman; Leif Eriksson; Tore Brinck; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; 5-Aminolevulinic acid; tautomerization; PDT; DFT; MM; QM MM; Porphobilinogen synthase; Uroporphyrinogen III decarboxylase; membrane penetration; enzyme mechanism; Biophysical chemistry; Biofysikalisk kemi; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi; Theoretical chemistry; Teoretisk kemi; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Abstract : 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and derivatives thereof are widely usedprodrugs in treatment of pre-malignant skin diseases of the cancer treatmentmethod photodynamic therapy (PDT). The target molecule in 5-ALAPDTis protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), which is synthesized endogenously from5-ALA via the heme pathway in the cell. READ MORE

  5. 5. Theoretical Photochemistry : Halogenated Arenes, Phytochromobilin, Ru(II)polypyridyl complexes and 6-4 photoadducts

    Author : Anders Borg; Sten Lunell; Hans Karlsson; Luis Serrano-Andrés; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum chemistry; Quantum Chemistry; Halogenated Arenes; Phytochromobilin; Phytochrome; Ruthenium; 6-4 photoadducts; Photochemistry; Kvantkemi; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi;

    Abstract : This thesis presents Quantum Chemical calculations on the Photochemistry of Halogenated benzenes, Phytochromobilin, Ruthenium Polypyridyl complexes and 6-4 photoadducts in DNA. The work is focused on improving the understanding of a number of experimentally observed photochemical processes in these systems. READ MORE