Search for dissertations about: "selectivity"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 725 swedish dissertations containing the word selectivity.

  1. 1. Selectivity in NMR and LC-MS Metabolomics : The Importance of Sample Preparation and Separation, and how to Measure Selectivity in LC-MS Metabolomics

    Author : Albert Elmsjö; Curt Pettersson; Torbjörn Arvidsson; Thomas Moritz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Metabolomics; NMR; LC-MS; HILIC; UHPLC; Q-ToF; selectivity; co-feature ratio; method evaluation; data evaluation; Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry; Analytisk farmaceutisk kemi;

    Abstract : Until now, most metabolomics protocols have been optimized towards high sample throughput and high metabolite coverage, parameters considered to be highly important for identifying influenced biological pathways and to generate as many potential biomarkers as possible. From an analytical point of view this can be troubling, as neither sample throughput nor the number of signals relates to actual quality of the detected signals/metabolites. READ MORE

  2. 2. Serine Hydrolase Selectivity : Kinetics and applications in organic and analytical chemistry

    Author : Anders Hamberg; Karl Hult; Dick Janssen; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Candida antarctica lipase B; monoacylation of diols; kinetic resolution; thermodynamics in enzyme catalysis; enzyme engineering; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Abstract : The substrate selectivities for different serine hydrolases were utilized in various applications, presented in papers I-VI. The articles are discussed in the thesis in view of the kinetics of the enzyme catalysis involved. READ MORE

  3. 3. Muscarinic receptors and urinary bladder selectivity : Properties that determine the organ selectivity of compounds

    Author : Staffan Sundquist; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; bladder; muscarinic; receptor subtypes; smooth muscle; multivariate; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; galenisk farmaci; Pharmaceutics;

    Abstract : Urinary bladder contraction is mainly mediated by activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR). Muscarinic antagonists are often effective in treatment of unstable bladder. The effectiveness of this treatment has often been limited by side effects as dry mouth. READ MORE

  4. 4. EC State aid rules : An analysis of the selectivity criterion

    Author : Mona Aldestam; Nils Mattsson; Torbjörn Andersson; Piet J. Slot; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; European law; EC State aid; Taxation; Derogation; Benchmark; Norm; Selectivity criterion; Justifications; Europarätt; European law; EU-rätt; Jurisprudence; Allmän rättslära;

    Abstract : The application of Art. 87(1) EC to taxes above all is connected to the application of the derogation method, which appears to be part of the selectivity criterion. This dissertation examines the application of the derogation method and the assessment of the selectivity criterion applied to taxes, primarily de lege lata, but also de lege ferenda. READ MORE

  5. 5. Exploring Selectivity and Hysteresis : Kinetic Studies on a Potato Epoxide Hydrolase

    Author : Diana Lindberg; Mikael Widersten; Gunnar Johansson; Richard N. Armstrong; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Epoxide hydrolase; regioselectivity; selectivity; hysteresis; conformational changes; cooperativity; deep eutectic solvents; methylstyrene oxide; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Abstract : The kinetic mechanism of an α/β hydrolase fold epoxide hydrolase from potato, StEH1, has been studied with the aims of explaining the underlying causes for enantio- and regioselectivity, both being important for product purity. Further effort has been laid upon understanding the causes of a hysteretic behavior discovered in the measurements leading to Paper I. READ MORE