Search for dissertations about: "streptococcal toxic shock syndrome"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 14 swedish dissertations containing the words streptococcal toxic shock syndrome.

  1. 1. Streptococcus pyogenes infections and toxic shock syndrome : Molecular epidemiology and immunotherapy

    Author : Jessica Darenberg; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Strepto coccus pyogenes , also known as group A streptococcus (GAS), is an important human pathogen causing a wide variety of diseases. One of the most severe diseases is streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), which is associated with high mortality rates. Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) may also be caused by Staphylococcus aureus. READ MORE

  2. 2. Pathogenesis and immunotherapy of streptococcal septicemia and shock

    Author : Nahla Ihendyane; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Streptococcus; Cytokines; Superantigens; Sepsis; Inflammation; IVIG;

    Abstract : Streptococei have been recognized as important causes of severe sepsis. Increased frequencies of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome caused by group A streptococcus (GAS) have been noted worldwide during the last 15 years. READ MORE

  3. 3. Severe Streptococcus pyogenes disease in Europe; epidemiology and clinical manifestations

    Author : Bogdan Luca; Avdelningen för medicinsk mikrobiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Streptococcus pyogenes; streptococcal toxic shock syndrome; necrotising fasciitis; emm-type; invasive GAS disease; superantigen;

    Abstract : Streptococcus pyogenes, gives rise from mild skin infections and pharyngitis, to life threatening infections like bacteraemia, cellulitis, puerperal sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis (NF), and streptococcal toxic-like shock syndrome (STSS), or nonsuppurative sequelae, rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis. In 2002, the first multinational network for invasive GAS disease surveillance was initiated by the EU-funded Strep-EURO project. READ MORE

  4. 4. Recurrent Streptococcal Pharyngotonsillitis Studies on etiology and treatment

    Author : Arne Orrling; Lund näs- och halssjukdomar Öron-; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; auditive system and speech; Otorinolaryngologi; Infektioner; Otorhinolaryngology; Infections; Clindamycin.; Penicillin tolerance; Tonsillar surface fluid; treatment failure; Group A streptococci; hörsel- och talorganen; audiologi; audiology; Recurrent streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis;

    Abstract : In acute pharyngotonsillitis group A streptococci (GAS) is the etiological agent in 30-50% of cases. Phenoxymethylpenicillin (pcV) is the drug of choice in Sweden. However, the failure rate is as high as 5-25% and further pcV treatment is followed by still higher failure rates. The background of failures remains largely elusive. READ MORE

  5. 5. Invasive group A streptococcal infection : host and pathogen interactions

    Author : Björn K.G. Eriksson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Group A streptococci; invasive infections; erysipelas; Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome STSS ; epidemiology; M1 serotype streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins Spe ; SpeA; toxin neutralization; opsonization;

    Abstract : Invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections were studied in 229 patients with a clinical diagnosis of erysipelas and 151 patients with GAS bacteremia, respectively. Beta-hemolytic streptococci were identified in about a third of the erysipelas patients, mostly group A, whereas group G streptococci were identified in about half as many episodes. READ MORE