Search for dissertations about: "airway pressure"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 74 swedish dissertations containing the words airway pressure.

  1. 1. Airway pressure release ventilation : A systematic experimental approach

    Author : Peter Neumann; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Medical sciences; APRV; CPAP; atelectasis; recruitment; PEEP; inverse ratio ventilation; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Clinical Physiology; klinisk fysiologi;

    Abstract : Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is a ventilatory mode which allows unrestrictedspontaneous breathing (SB) throughout the ventilatory cycle. If SB is insufficient, mechanicalventilatory support is achieved by brief periodic decreases of the airway pressure below the CPAPlevel. READ MORE

  2. 2. Transpulmonary pressure during mechanical ventilation

    Author : Christina Grivans; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical ventilation; Acute lung injury; Acute respiratory distress syndrome; Lung volume measurements; Electric Impedance diagnostic use; Lung elastance; Transpulmonary pressure; Esophageal pressure;

    Abstract : Background: Mechanical ventilation can aggravate lung injury by repetitive opening and closing of lung units, overdistention and undue pressure on pulmonary structures. Guidelines exist for lung protective ventilation, but individualized ventilator settings, based on partitioning of respiratory mechanics in pulmonary and chest wall complex components, would be beneficial. READ MORE

  3. 3. Assessment of increased upper airway resistance in snorers. Methodological and diagnostic considerations

    Author : Sören Berg; Lund näs- och halssjukdomar Öron-; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; arousals.; pharyngeal pressure; intrathoracic pressure; hypopnea; respiratory ventilation; oxygenation; Non apneic snorers; upper airway obstruction; Otorhinolaryngology; audiology; auditive system and speech; Otorinolaryngologi; audiologi; hörsel- och talorganen;

    Abstract : Sleep-related partial upper airway obstruction may cause increased morbidity and mortality, but diagnosis and treatment of patients is varying and inconsistent. The present studies were aimed to evaluate presently applied indirect methods for assessing respiratory ventilation and to investigate the value and accuracy in estimating upper airway resistance during sleep by measuring intrathoracic pressure variation with a microchip catheter in the esophagus. READ MORE

  4. 4. Jet Ventilation for Airway Surgery : The Influence of Mode and Frequency on Ventilation Efficacy

    Author : Robert Sütterlin; Peter Frykholm; Anders Larsson; Ullman Johan; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; jet ventilation; airway obstruction; tracheal stenosis; HFJV; SHFJV; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Abstract : In surgery for airway obstruction, the anesthetist and the ear-nose-throat surgeon share the approach to the airway and jet ventilation (JV) is a mutually convenient ventilation technique for both parties. As a consequence of the open system jet ventilation is applied in, bedside measurements of lung volumes are cumbersome to perform and thus, there is a lack of studies comparing different modes of JV or investigating the influence of ventilator settings on lung volumes and gas exchange. READ MORE

  5. 5. Mean systemic filling pressure - from Guyton to the ICU, and back again

    Author : Per Werner Möller; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mean systemic filling pressure; venous return; right atrial pressure; positive pressure ventilation; extracorporeal membrane oxygenation;

    Abstract : Introduction: Mean systemic filling pressure (MSFP) is the equilibrated vascular pressure at zero flow. Venous return (VR) driving pressure (VRdP) is the difference between MSFP and right atrial pressure (RAP). READ MORE