Search for dissertations about: "Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 7 swedish dissertations containing the words Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery.

  1. 1. Stroke during cardiac surgery : risk factors, mechanisms and survival effects

    Author : Magnus Hedberg; Karl Gunnar Engström; Patrik Boivie; Jan van der Linden; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; stroke; cardiac surgery; adult; risk factors; mortality; embolism; aortic cross-clamp; aortic cannulation; Thoracic surgery; Thoraxkirurgi; kirurgi; särskilt thoraxkirurgi; Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery;

    Abstract : Introduction: Neurological complications and stroke in association with cardiac surgery is a serious problem. The stroke event can occur during surgery (early stroke) or in the postoperative period with a symptom free interval (delayed stroke). READ MORE

  2. 2. Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery : A Study of Causes and Risk Factors

    Author : Lena Jidéus; Dan Lindblom; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Atrial fibrillation; catecholamines; coronary artery bypass surgery; heart rate variability; neuropeptides; premature atrial contraction; thoracic epidural anaesthesia; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery; kirurgi; särskilt thoraxkirurgi;

    Abstract : The aim was to study pathophysiological mechanisms and risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and the effect of thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA).The study comprised 141 patients undergoing CABG, including 45 patients randomised for TEA intra- and postoperatively. READ MORE

  3. 3. Energy-Related Metabolites during and after Induced Myocardial Ischemia and Retroperfusion of the Coronary Sinus : An Experimental Study in the Pig with the Microdialysis Technique and Extracorporeal Circulation

    Author : Vitas Zemgulis; Rolf Ekroth; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Ischemia; myocardial infarction; reperfusion; energy metabolism; coronary sinus retroperfusion; microdialysis; taurine; nucleoside transport; adenosine; aerobic lactate production; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery; kirurgi; särskilt thoraxkirurgi;

    Abstract : In the clinical setting great efforts have been made with contradictory results to operate upon acutely myocardial ischemic patients. The reasons for the absence of unambiguous results are not well understood nor are they scientifically explored. READ MORE

  4. 4. Delirium after cardiac surgery : risk factors, assessment methods and costs

    Author : Nina Smulter; Karl Gunnar Engström; Birgitta Olofsson; Micael Appelblad; Staffan Svenmarker; Henrik Bjursten; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cardiac surgery; Cardiopulmonary bypass; Consequences; Delirium; Detection; Documentation; Economical aspect; Hospitalisation; Risk factors; Screening scales; Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery; kirurgi; särskilt thoraxkirurgi; omvårdnadsforskning med medicinsk inriktning; Caring Sciences;

    Abstract : Background: Cardiac surgery is considered safe, but postoperative delirium (POD) remains frequently reported. Delirium is characterised by fluctuations in consciousness and cognition, and can be subdivided into disturbed psychomotoric activity (hyperactive and hypoactive) and psychiatric symptom profiles (psychotic and emotional). READ MORE

  5. 5. Lung Cancer : Epidemiological and Clinical Studies with Special Reference to Surgical Treatment

    Author : Gunnar Myrdal; Elisabeth Ståhle; Mats Lambe; Bengt Bergman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; lung cancer; surgical treatment; early mortality; survival; smoking; quality of life; adenocarcinoma; incidence; Sweden; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Thoracic and Cardivascular Suregery; kirurgi; särskilt thoraxkirurgi;

    Abstract : From being a rare disease in the early 1900s, lung cancer is today the most common forms of cancer worldwide. This development is due to the gradual uptake of cigarette smoking in different populations and birth cohorts during the past 75 years. READ MORE