Search for dissertations about: "green leaf volatiles"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the words green leaf volatiles.

  1. 1. Volatiles of Conifer Seedlings : Compositions and Resistance Markers

    Author : Astrid Kännaste; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Anders Backlund; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Conifers; Norway spruce; Scots pine; Nalepella; Oligonychus ununguis; green leaf volatiles; terpenes; aromatics; benzenoids; SPME; induced defense reaction; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Abstract : Pine weevils cause major damage to newly planted conifer seedlings in reforestation areas. However, recent findings indicate that small (“mini”) seedlings, planted at the age of 7-10 weeks, are gnawed less by pine weevils than the larger, conventionally planted seedlings. READ MORE

  2. 2. Chemical defence in Norway spruce

    Author : Marie Danielsson; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Anders Backlund; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; volatiles; terpenes; green leaf volatiles; stilbenes; stress response; nepetalactone; Picea abies; Hylobius abietis; Cinara pilicornis; Oligonychus ununguis; Heterobasidion annosum; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Abstract : Norway spruce (Picea abies) responds to stress by biosynthesis of chemical substances, which can deter invading insects or pathogens. Some of these substances are volatile and can be emitted to the surroundings while others are accumulated within the tree. READ MORE

  3. 3. Stress Related Emissions of Norway Spruce Plants

    Author : Marie Pettersson; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Torkel Berglund; Åsa Emmer; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; volatiles; terpenes; green leaf volatiles; stress response; nepetalactone; SPME; Picea abies; Hylobius abietis; Cinara pillicornis; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Abstract : The interactions between plants and insects are mediated by volatile molecules. Plants respond to stress by biosynthesis of chemical substances which can deter invading insects or pathogens. Some of these substances are volatile and are emitted to the surroundings and may attract or repel insects. READ MORE

  4. 4. Barley defense genes against aphids

    Author : Aleksandra Losvik; Lisbeth Jonsson; Ulla Rasmussen; Robert Glinwood; Bogumił Leszczyński; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Aphid resistance; protease inhibitor; lipoxygenase; induced plant resistance; volatiles; Hordeum vulgare; Rhopalosiphum padi; Myzus persicae; växtfysiologi; Plant Physiology;

    Abstract : Aphids are insect pests with major importance worldwide. By feeding from plant phloem, they directly withdraw nutrients. The feeding injury is often visible in the form of leaf rolling, chlorosis, necrosis or plant deformation. Their pest status is attributed also to vectoring of plant viruses. READ MORE

  5. 5. Neural Interfaces to the Odour World of Scarab Beetles

    Author : Mattias Larsson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Djurekologi; Animal ecology; Intra; Antennal lobe; CNS; Attraction; Olfactometer; Behaviour; Mass spectrometry; Gas chromatography; Electrophysiology; Single sensillum; Receptor neuron; Plant volatile; Sex pheromone; Neuroethology; Odour detection; Olfaction; Coleoptera; Scarabaeidae; Entomology; plant parasitology; Entomologi; växtparasitologi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Abstract : Antennal detection and central nervous integration of behaviourally relevant odours in scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) was investigated, using the two Japanese scarabs Anomala cuprea and Phyllopertha diversa (Rutelinae), and the Central African fruit chafer Pachnoda marginata (Cetoniinae) as model species. Electrophysiological single cell recordings in A. READ MORE